Data collection efforts for the transportation analysis portion of the Baldwin DCCR Study were determined based on the Baldwin DCCR Study goals and objectives that were outlined in the scope and during meetings between the Project Team and the County. A kick-off meeting was held with the entire Project Team to outline the goals and objectives of the study prior to collecting any traffic data. A site visit/walk-through was then conducted with the Project Team, members of the community and key stakeholders to ensure a complete understanding of the Primary Study Area and any known deficiencies. Upon conclusion of the project walk-through, the Project Team submitted a technical memorandum outlining the proposed traffic data collection program to the Nassau County Department of Public Works (NCDPW) for review prior to the commencement of traffic data collection activities. It should be noted that transportation data collection and analysis for the Baldwin DCCR Study is focused on the Grand Avenue corridor portion of the Primary Study Area between the Southern State Parkway and Stanton Avenue “Grand Avenue Study Corridor”).


On LIRR Station Area Parking
“Once the Project Team’s field work was completed, parking observations were conducted at each of the six commuter parking lots to identify the number of vacant and occupied spaces on a typical weekday, when the lots would be most utilized. The parking observations were conducted on a typical Tuesday, May 10, 2016, between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., in order to capture the peak parking demands associated with typical working hours. During that period, the number of occupied and vacant spaces were observed in 30 minute intervals. Based on the Project Team’s observations, there were never fewer than 19 vacant spaces available in the Town commuter parking lots and there were no spaces available in the Baldwin commuter parking lots during certain periods . . . Based on the number of vacant spaces observed, it appears that the parking fields are essentially operating at capacity during the peak periods on a typical weekday with less than 2 percent of the total commuter spaces vacant during peak times. Such a small number of vacancy essentially means that as parking spaces open up they are immediately taken.”

On Bicycle Usage
“The Project Team also conducted observations of bicycle usage in proximity to the Baldwin LIRR station. Five bicycle racks were observed in various locations adjacent to the station, providing bicycle storage for approximately 36 bicycles. In order to estimate the number of patrons using the bicycle racks, the Project Team conducted bicycle parking observations in 30 minute intervals on Monday, August 29, 2016. Based on these observations, there were never more than 13 bicycles parked in the existing bicycle racks. Therefore, there was additional storage space available for approximately 23 more bicycles.”

On the Need for Traffic Calming
“The data collected and analyzed above indicate that the operating speeds are higher than the posted speed limits along the Grand Avenue Study Corridor [Grand Avenue between the Southern State Parkway and Stanton Avenue], although not unusual for this type of roadway. Concerns about speeding along the corridor were also noted during the key stakeholder meetings for the previous Grand Avenue Complete Streets Traffic Study. Field data and observations indicate that although vehicular traffic is predominant, varying levels of pedestrians, bicyclists and transit riders also exists along the corridor. Bicyclists were also observed to be riding on the sidewalks, rather than on the roadway, which can create dangerous conditions for pedestrians. These aspects indicate the need for traffic calming and complete streets measures for a safer environment for vehicles and for more vulnerable non-motorized users including pedestrians and bicyclists along Grand Avenue.”

On Complete Streets
“The objective of the transportation component of the Baldwin DCCR Study is to identify complete streets and traffic calming measures that will enhance access and circulation for road users, and serve as a catalyst for economic development and revitalization along the Grand Avenue Study Corridor. Complete streets is part of a new movement of transportation engineering that is more multimodal in focus (pedestrians, bikes, buses), and less auto-centric than previous trends. Complete streets features are expected to result in reducing vehicular traffic, while increasing demands for other modes. Traffic calming is an important element to consider in planning for a revitalized and walkable downtown or commercial corridor. The success of a commercial corridor fundamentally depends upon safe and efficient access for pedestrians.”

On Right of Way Constraints
“. . . potentially achievable options may be those that maximize the use of the existing right-of-way. Although sidewalks exist on both sides of Grand Avenue, their widths are narrow or restricted by elements such as trees or utility poles at certain locations. Considering the right of way constraints, feasible measures such as bulb-out and curb extensions will be considered, particularly at the key intersections, to increase the sidewalk areas for enhanced pedestrian operation. There are marked crosswalks and pedestrian signals at certain signalized intersections. Feasible improvement measures to reduce crossing distance and pedestrian exposure and to improve visibility of crosswalks, enhancing safety and operation, will be explored in this study, along with the provision of additional crosswalks on Grand Avenue.”

Find the Complete Transportation Section Here (PDF)